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Milad-un-Nabi

Milad-un-Nabi 2017 and 2018

Milad un-Nabi is an Islamic public holiday in India.

YearDateDayHolidayStates
20171 DecFriMilad un-NabiAP, JK, KA, MH, TG &
TN
2 DecSatMilad un-NabiNational except AN, AP, AR, AS,
BR, GA, HP, JK, KA, MH,
MN, ML, PB, SK, TN, TG
& WB
8 DecFriFriday Following Milad un-NabiJK
201821 NovWedMilad un-NabiNational except AN, AR, AS, BR,
GA, HP, MN, ML, PB, SK
& WB
23 NovFriFriday Following Milad un-NabiJK

Also known as Eid-e-Milad, Milad un-Nabi celebrates the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad. The holiday also honours Muhammad’s life and teachings. Milad un-Nabi is observed on the 12th day of Rabi-ul Awwal, the third month of the Islamic calendar. While the celebration of Muhammad’s birthday is happy, Milad un-Nabi is also a day of mourning. This is due to the fact that the Prophet Muhammad also passed away on the 12th day of Rabi-ul Awwal.

History

Milad un-Nabi celebrates the birth of Muhammad, the central prophet of Islam. According to historical texts, Muhammad was born in 570 CE in Saudi Arabia. Most scholars of Islam have determined that Muhammad was born on the 12th day of the third month of the Islamic calendar. During his life, Muhammad founded Islam and formed what is now Saudi Arabia as a single kingdom that was devoted to serving God. After Muhammad died in 632 CE, many Muslims began to celebrate his life and his teachings with various informal holidays.

Despite these various celebratory traditions, the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad was not widely celebrated until Fatima established Milad un-Nabi in Egypt. On the first official celebration of Muhammad’s birthday, Muslims and Islamic scholars gathered at Mosques to pay their respects. Religious sermons and discussions were among some the ways that Muslims honoured Muhammad on the first Milad un-Nabi holiday.

After the first Milad un-Nabi celebrations in Egypt, the holiday became common in Islamic communities across the world.

Traditions

Muslims celebrate the life and death of the Prophet Muhammad depending on their beliefs and preferences. Some people treat Milad un-Nabi as a festival holiday, but others regard it as solemn day.

  • Distribution of Sweets

It is a common practice for members of the clergy to distribute sweets and other treats to people on Milad un-Nabi. Honey is one of the most frequently distributed sweets during this holiday. This is because many scholars believe that honey was a favourite treat of the Prophet Muhammad.

  • Visiting Mosques

Muslims are expected to visit a mosque on Milad un-Nabi. At mosque services, Muslims will listen to sermons and say prayers that honour God and the Prophet Muhammad. After the formal service, people participate in discussions about Muhammad and Islamic history with their friends and family members.

  • Family Time

While there are many events that occur in public places during Milad un-Nabi, some of the most important holiday practices happen within private residences. Entire families often reflect on the deeds of Muhammad and think of ways that they can improve their daily actions. This also allows people to take time off from work to bond with their family members.

  • Singing

Muslims in India often sing in public places during Milad un-Nabi. One of the most popular songs for this holiday is Maulud. According to the traditions of Islam, this song brings good fortune and reaffirms one’s loyalty to God.

  • Barah Wafat

In addition to the many happy festival activities that Muslims participate in during Milad un-Nabi in India, they also celebrate with Barah Wafat. Barah Wafat is a solemn festival that allows people to mourn the death of the Prophet Muhammad. The event honours the twelve days of Muhammad’s sickness and his ultimate passing to Paradise. One of the most popular events associated with this festival is the procession of the glass casket. During this event, a symbol of Muhammad is placed in a glass casket and paraded in public.

  • Lectures

Milad un-Nabi is also a large event for religious scholars and historians. These people participate in lectures and thoughtful discussions about Muhammad and Islam. There are also often debates about disputed religious topics.

  • Arts

In India, Muslims also honour the life and deeds of Muhammad by writing poetry and essays. Artists create paintings and sculptures that are appropriate for Milad un-Nabi.