Eid e Milad celebrates the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad. The holiday also honours Muhammad’s life and teachings.
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Also known as Mawlid and Milad un Nabi, this holiday is observed on the 12th day of Rabi-ul Awwal, the third month of the Islamic calendar. While the celebration of Muhammad’s birthday is happy, it is also a day of mourning. This is due to the fact that the Prophet Muhammad also passed away on the 12th day of Rabi-ul Awwal.
Eid e Milad celebrates the birth of Muhammad, the central prophet of Islam. According to historical texts, Muhammad was born in 570 CE in Saudi Arabia. Most scholars of Islam have determined that Muhammad was born on the 12th day of the third month of the Islamic calendar.
During his life, Muhammad founded Islam and formed what is now Saudi Arabia as a single kingdom that was devoted to serving God. After Muhammad died in 632 CE, many Muslims began to celebrate his life and his teachings with various informal holidays.
Despite these various celebratory traditions, the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad was not widely celebrated until Fatima established Milad un-Nabi in Egypt. On the first official celebration of Muhammad’s birthday, Muslims and Islamic scholars gathered at Mosques to pay their respects. Religious sermons and discussions were among some the ways that Muslims honoured Muhammad on the first Milad un-Nabi holiday.
Muslims celebrate the life and death of the Prophet Muhammad depending on their beliefs and preferences. Some people treat Milad un-Nabi as a festival holiday, but others regard it as solemn day.
Distribution of Sweets: It is a common practice for members of the clergy to distribute sweets and other treats to people on Milad un-Nabi. Honey is one of the most frequently distributed sweets during this holiday. This is because many scholars believe that honey was a favourite treat of the Prophet Muhammad.
Visiting Mosques: Muslims are expected to visit a mosque on Milad un-Nabi. At mosque services, Muslims will listen to sermons and say prayers that honour God and the Prophet Muhammad. After the formal service, people participate in discussions about Muhammad and Islamic history with their friends and family members.
Family Time: While there are many events that occur in public places during Milad un-Nabi, some of the most important holiday practices happen within private residences. Entire families often reflect on the deeds of Muhammad and think of ways that they can improve their daily actions. This also allows people to take time off from work to bond with their family members.
Singing: Muslims in India often sing in public places during Milad un-Nabi. One of the most popular songs for this holiday is Maulud. According to the traditions of Islam, this song brings good fortune and reaffirms one’s loyalty to God.
Barah Wafat: In addition to the many happy festival activities that Muslims participate in during Milad un-Nabi in India, they also celebrate with Barah Wafat. Barah Wafat is a solemn festival that allows people to mourn the death of the Prophet Muhammad. The event honours the twelve days of Muhammad’s sickness and his ultimate passing to Paradise. One of the most popular events associated with this festival is the procession of the glass casket. During this event, a symbol of Muhammad is placed in a glass casket and paraded in public.
Lectures: Milad un-Nabi is also a large event for religious scholars and historians. These people participate in lectures and thoughtful discussions about Muhammad and Islam. There are also often debates about disputed religious topics.
Arts: In India, Muslims also honour the life and deeds of Muhammad by writing poetry and essays. Artists create paintings and sculptures that are appropriate for Milad un-Nabi.