The state of Puducherry celebrates “Liberation Day” every 1 November, commemorating the day in 1954 when the collection of French colonies on the eastern Indian coast that make up present day Puducherry were granted freedom from French control.
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The rest of India gained independence from the British Empire on 14 August, 1947. And though Puducherry was “liberated” in 1954, it was almost a decade longer until the state legally merged with India on 16 August 1962.
On Liberation Day there are public events and an emphasis on the history of the referendum vote for independence. Almost all members of the colonial council, and all of the elected ones, voted to merge with India instead of to stay under French rule.